As early as the Apollo program (1961-1972), there were initial NASA concepts to fly to Mars. In 1992 and again in 2004, the two U.S. presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush presented programs for missions with passengers to the Moon and Mars.
From June 3, 2010 to November 4, 2011, the space agencies of Russia (ROSCOSMOS), Europe (ESA), and China (CNSA) jointly conducted the Mars-500 experiment near Moscow, which was designed to provide insights into group dynamics, person aptitude, behavioral responses to problems, and so on.
In 2013, Elon Musk's company SpaceX announced that it was working on a transport system to Mars. Since then, SpaceX has completed numerous development steps, which now hold out the prospect of Mars flights with around 100 people for 2026.
Amazon founder Jeff Bezos' company Blue Origin also announced in 2016 that it wanted to fly to the moon and Mars.
What do 52 experts have to say about SpaceX's intentions?
ESA, Association of Space Explorers, UNHCHR, UNCOPUOS
Space explorer | Astronaut
ETO Consortium Member
University of Cologne | Institute of Air Law, Space Law and Cyber Law